What is the neonatal mortality rate in my breeding program?” This is a question many dog breeders ask themselves as it plays a crucial role in puppy rearing and reflects the success of the breeding program. To understand neonatal mortality, it is important to first define it.
Defining Neonatal Mortality
Neonatal mortality refers to the number of deaths of puppies that occur within the first three weeks of life. This period is crucial for puppy survival and growth and any loss during this time can greatly impact the breeding program’s success. Several factors can influence neonatal mortality, including genetics, maternal care, and environmental conditions.
Determining Neonatal Mortality in Your Breeding Program
To determine the neonatal mortality rate in your breeding program, keeping accurate records is important. This includes the number of puppies born alive and the number that died within the first three weeks of life. These records can be used to calculate the neonatal mortality rate, which is expressed as a percentage.
Key Factors Contributing to Neonatal Mortality
The health of the dam (the mother dog) is a significant factor that contributes to neonatal mortality. Proper nutrition for the dam, including balanced caloric intake and necessary supplements, is crucial to ensure the health of both the mother and the litter. Preventing diseases, such as canine parvovirus and distemper, through regular vaccination and deworming, is also crucial for the dam’s health.
Importance of Management during Pregnancy and Delivery
The management of the dam during pregnancy and delivery is also critical for puppy survival. This includes monitoring the dam’s weight, temperature, and overall health, as well as addressing any complications during delivery. Providing appropriate pain management and a clean and comfortable environment for the dam and her litter is also important.
Improving Neonatal Mortality in Your Breeding Program
By keeping a close eye on neonatal mortality in your breeding program, you can identify areas for improvement and take steps to reduce the number of deaths. This can involve changes in dam management during pregnancy and delivery, improved nutrition, and increased efforts to prevent diseases. With proper attention to these factors, you can ensure the health and survival of puppies and maintain a successful breeding program.
The future of your breeding program lies in your hands, and by paying close attention to maternal, pregnancy, and newborn-related factors, you can help ensure its success and provide the best care possible for your puppies. So, what actions will you take to lower the neonatal mortality rate in your breeding program to its minimum possible level?
One of the most common challenge we encounter in breeding kennels is NEONATAL MORTALITY.
It can be very frustrating… even heart-breaking.
Good news though : you can do something about it !
We now have more knowledge than ever in this discipline.
In recent years, new research brought us a much better understanding of what can be done to optimize the health of newborn puppies.
By taking this course, this is what you will learn indeed !